This quote by Winston Churchill former president of USA summarises how important are buildings to us, humans. The ageless task of architecture is to produce an appropriate built environment responding to the people's requirements and aspirations. At its simplest, architecture is the design of buildings, groups of buildings and often the space between buildings. The increasing complexity of requirements in buildings has at every stage of civilization created scope for a specialist person to design buildings. The earliest surviving written work on the subject of architecture is De Architectura, by the Roman architect Vitruvius, according to him a good building should satisfy the three principles of,
Architecture is a professional career; a person is a professional when he has special skills and knowledge which he has acquired through special education, training and research at a high level, architecture as a profession is governed in India by Council of Architecture, Government of India. CoA governs and regulates the Architecture profession at different levels. CoA governs the Architectural education by setting minimum standards for Institutions imparting Architectural education and then by maintaining registration of Architects and also by regulating the architects through its Code of conduct.
The uniqueness of Architecture as a career is because it is a creative process of art and science, put together in response to human needs or activities using available resources like materials, men, money and machinery. There is freedom of personal expression for architects while doing projects. Every project is a new challenge, every day there is something new for the architect to learn and apply in his projects. And actually, architecture becomes a way of lifestyle rather than a profession for every practising architect with incredible variety and a long career.
There are many avenues that are available for a young architect to progress in his career. Public sector undertakings like BSNL, NFCL, BHEL, Public Works Departments, CPWD, Urban Development Authorities, Municipalities, Municipal Corporations and many other entities have architects on their roll. Military Engineering Services also has Architects on its roll. There are many opportunities in the private sector like Architectural Consultancy Service Firms, Software Parks, Facilities and Services Planning wings of big infrastructure entities, Gaming and VFX firms, Film set Designing, Interior contracting firms and many more. Freelancing, Setting up Own office, Architectural Journalism, Architectural Tourism and many more creative opportunities are also there. Teaching is one challenging career that is opening up as the need for Architectural education is growing.
Architecture and Civil engineering are two different aspects of building industry. While Architecture is a profession of Designing buildings keeping in view the aspirations and requirements of building users, Civil Engineering is an engineering subject which looks into the design in building with respect to the safety and stability of the building structures. While architects role is the application of his creative genius to design the building and more often off-site work, Civil engineers role is more at on site, design of foundations, structure, super-structure, construction management, quality management etc. While architects have a role in the design of buildings, group of buildings civil engineers have a key role while designing Roads, Dams, Bridges, Masonry structures, Irrigation works, Large infrastructure projects. Civil engineers can take the lead role as contractors and engage in the construction field as businessmen but an architect cannot change his role to a contractor and do business in building construction industry. Architects and Civil engineers both have complementary roles in building construction industry.
Architecture education is governed and regulated by Council of Architecture in India. The course curriculum prescribed by CoA lays a strong foundation to the students to become a thorough professional architect. Architectural education is basically in two methods; one is class-room teaching and other is participatory studio method. The course is specially designed so that the student of architecture learns all the nuisances of the architecture profession by,
1. Learning how to design, appreciating design through the Basic design module and then Theory of Architecture, History of Architecture which introduces the students about how to think like an architect.
2. Architectural Drawing and Graphics teach the student how to make drawings done by the architects. Architecture design studio & Building Construction studio let the student learn what drawings are needed to construct buildings designed by architects.
3. Specialty courses in Buildings like Theory of Structures, Concrete Structural Design, Steel Structural design, Building Construction, Building Materials are also taught.
4. Building Services like HVAC (Heating Ventilation Air-conditioning) Water Supply & Sanitation, Building Electricals, Elevators, Communication Systems, Security Systems and Fire Safety are also taught.
5. Building Sciences like Climatology, Acoustics, Lighting and Ventilation are also taught.
6. There are many specialty elective subjects like Landscape Design, Interior Design, Urban Design, Architectural Conservation, Construction Management, Green Buildings, Sustainable Architecture, Energy Efficient Architecture, Barrier Free Architecture and many more to learn.
7. Along with the above curriculum a student of architecture is taught Building Economics, Building Estimations, Specification writing, Local by-laws and Professional Practice etc.
8. There is a mandatory internship that has to be done by the student of architecture. In this module the student works with a professional to learn the culture and challenges of the profession.
9. Dissertation by the student in his topic of interest under the guidance of faculty to learn the complete life cycle of Architectural design.
In a ‘concrete jungle’ where the world is covered with ‘buildings’, it becomes important to acknowledge the need of ‘smart’ and creative architects, who not only build structures but rather would lay the foundation to future. To cater to the need of providing more and more architects to the world, Architectural schools have been set up to guide and develop students in the field. The two tests, JEE Mains paper2 or the JEE B.Arch paper and NATA are two tests taken by Indian students in order to apply for admissions at different architectural schools like NIT, IIT and other private institutes. While both exams are more or less evaluating the same skill sets, there are a few points of difference based on:
The JEE B.Arch paper is conducted by CBSE while Council of Architecture conducts NATA. It is generally believed that JEE Mains is more difficult than NATA (but it still requires continuous efforts and hard work from students to crack either of the tests)
Earlier, NATA was supposed to be taken on dates specified by the test taker, but since 2016, the test has been scheduled to be on a single day for everyone. Last year it was on 17th April, while this year it would be conducted on 29th of April. The dates for JEE Mains paper2 remain the same as the dates for JEE Mains paper1, which is generally the first two weeks of April.
The difference in application of scores is basically similar to the difference between the state held entrance examinations like KCET and national level entrance exams like the JEE. However, NATA is also a national level entrance exam but admits students into colleges that are NOT centrally funded i.e. colleges like the NITs would not accept your application even if you get a good score in NATA. Some self-funded universities and colleges may have their own entrance test too. Bottom line being JEE paper 2 scores = NITs, IITs NATA scores= Rest of the Institutes
The two tests are structured differently. While NATA is both online and offline based exam, JEE Mains Paper2 is an offline test. The NATA is divided into two parts: Drawing and Aptitude Test. While the former is an offline test, the latter is an online one based on MCQs, with no negative marking. The two parts valued for 200 marks. Unlike NATA, JEE Mains Paper 2 is a complete offline exam with the MCQs being negatively marked for each incorrect option. While JEE has three sections including Math(like paper 1, same level of difficulty), Aptitude(logical reasoning) and Drawing, NATA has only two sections Maths and general aptitude and Drawing. The three sections make a total of 390 marks.
1. Maths - 30 Question - 4 marks each (-1 for wrong answers) - 120 marks 2. Aptitude - 50 Question - 4 marks each (-1 for wrong answers) - 200 marks 3. Drawing - 3 Questions - 20+20+30 marks - 70 marks
1. Maths and Aptitude - 60 Question ( 20 maths + 40 Aptitude ) - no negative marking -120 marks | Difficulty Score - 5/10 (Maths), 7.5/10(Aptitude) 2. Drawing - 2 Question - 40 marks each - 80 marks | Difficulty Score - 8.5/10
The syllabi for the two tests are present on their websites. People generally say that the level of Maths for NATA is generally low than for JEE but it isn’t true. Both the tests have the same syllabus for Maths section, while JEE paper may have more focus on maths as they have a separate section to it. Thus the two National level 3 hours’ tests are quite different from each other in the way they are conducted, who conducts them to who accepts their scores. They are like two faces to the same coin, each significant on its own yet can’t face each other.
Also read: HOW TO PREPARE FOR NATA IN 1 YEAR