Town Planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning is also referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning or some combination in various areas worldwide. It takes many forms and it can share perspectives and practices with urban design.
Roles and Responsibilities of a Town planner in India, as per ITPI, are as follows:
- Managing development and helping to create affordable housing, playing a role in regenerating socially-deprived areas and creating new jobs
- Designing our towns and cities to include attractive buildings, vibrant public spaces and bustling shopping centers
- Working to protect our countryside, tree, hedgerows, forests, grasslands, water ways, rivers and shorelines
- Helping to bring back historic buildings into sympathetic use
- Creating policies for managing traffic and providing sustainable solutions to our transport needs
- Improving energy efficiency and cutting carbon emissions in our homes, factories and businesses
- Engaging communities to have a say in how their living space is developed and protected to improve their quality of life.